A Prospective Comparative Study of Twist Drill Craniostomy Versus Burr Hole Craniostomy in Patients with Chronic Subdural Hematoma
AIM: This study aims to compare clinical outcomes in patients with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) following twist drill
craniostomy (TDC) or burr hole craniostomy (BHC).
MATERIAL and METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in the patients who suffered from symptomatic CSDH and
received surgical treatment in our department from Jan 2011 to Dec 2013. Each patient was followed 3 months after the surgery.
RESULTS: Thirty-eight and 45 patients received TDC and BHC treatment, respectively. There was no significant difference in age,
gender, head trauma, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, antiplatelet usage, clinical manifestation, the Glasgow Coma Scale score
and preoperative radiographic characteristics between the two groups. Patients in TDC had a significantly shorter operating time,
but a longer draining time than those in BHC (16.9 ± 6.3 min vs. 44.4 ± 7.1 min, p< 0.001; 3.1 ± 1.0 d vs. 2.5 ± 0.9 d, p= 0.003;
respectively). A smaller degree of midline shift reversal was observed in patients after TDC than those after BHC (2.6 ± 2.5 mm vs.
3.9 ± 2.8, p=0.030). Seven patients (18.4%) in TDC and 5 patients (11.1%) in BHC experienced CSDH recurrence. There was no
significant difference in the recurrence rate, in-hospital complications, and neurological outcomes between the two groups.
CONCLUSION: This study indicates that TDC and BHC have similar clinical outcomes in the treatment of patients with CSDH. A
shorter operating time, but a smaller midline shift reversal and a longer draining time may be expected in patients after TDC than