The Management of Blood Loss in Non-Syndromic Craniosynostosis Patients Undergoing Barrel Stave Osteotomy
AIM: Barrel stave osteotomy is a widely used procedure in neurosurgery for the majority of craniosynostosis patients. Both in the
intraoperative and postoperative periods, there is inevitable leakage type bleeding from the bones undergoing osteotomy. A number
of studies have been performed in order to prevent this complication but a concise procedure is still lacking.
MATERIAL and METHODS: Synostectomy and parietotemporal barrel stave osteotomy were applied to 143 patients who were
operated on with a diagnosis of craniosynostosis between the years 2005-2013. At the beginning to osteotomy, 5 ml/kg erythrocyte
suspension (ES) was given for probable blood loss. Whole blood count was performed at the postoperative 1st and 6th hours and
cases with hemoglobin levels below 10 or with hematocrit levels which had decreased more than 5% between the 1st and 6th hours
were administered erythrocyte transfusion.
RESULTS: Of the patients, 100 were boys and 43 were girls. Of these, 98 had metopic, 30 had sagittal, 9 had metopic+sagittal, 4 had
unilateral, 2 had bilateral and 6 had coronal synostosis. All the cases were administered intraoperative erythrocyte suspension. The
preoperative amount of administered mean erythrocyte was 8.61 ml/kg. In the postoperative period, 92 patients were administered
erythrocyte suspension. The postoperative amount of administered mean erythrocyte suspension was 7.98 ml/kg.
CONCLUSION: For an operated infant with craniosynostosis who is operated on in the first year of life, undergoing osteotomy and
inevitable bone-borne blood losses are very important and these have to be replaced immediately.