Turkish Neurosurgery 2018 , Vol 28 , Num 1
Effects of Two Types of Human Cells on Outgrowth of Human Glioma in Rats
Zahra ABDI1,3,Hossien ESKANDARY3,Seyed Noureddin NEMATOLLAHI-MAHANI1
1Afzalipour School of Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Kerman, Iran
2University of Medical Sciences, Department of Anatomy, Kerman, Iran
3Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman, Iran
4Afzal Research Institute (NGO), Kerman, Iran
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.18697-16.1 AIM: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the malignant brain tumors that occur most frequently. Despite advances in therapy techniques, the cure of GBM is a major concern. Accordingly, there is a lot of interest in devising novel approaches, such as stem cell therapy, to treat patients with GBM. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of human bone marrow stem (BMS) cells as well as human olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) on the outgrowth of U87 glioma in rats.

MATERIAL and METHODS: OECs and BMS cells were obtained from volunteers. After verification of the stem cell type by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry (ICC), cells were labeled and injected into human glioma-bearing rats. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E), and Immunohistochemistry (IHC) were utilized to assess the properties of the groups.

RESULTS: We found extensive migration and homing of the OECs and BMS cells towards the tumor area. H&E and IHC staining indicated that the grafted OECs survived and prevented the development of glioma. BMS cells supported proliferation and new vessel formation, and metastasis in glioma tissue.

CONCLUSION: OECs and BMS cells can pass the blood brain barrier and reach the glioma mass. Therefore, this approach can be a potentially powerful method for the delivery of therapeutic agents to malignant brain tumors. In addition, these cells may be genetically modified in order to specifically express tumor-suppressive factors. Keywords : Afzal Research Institute (NGO), Kerman, Iran

Corresponding author : Seyed Noureddin NEMATOLLAHI-MAHANI, nnematollahi@kmu.ac.ir