is a peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal directed at an audience of neurosurgery physicians and scientists. The official language of the journal is English
. The journal publishes original articles in the form of clinical and basic research. Turkish Neurosurgery
will only publish studies that have institutional review board (IRB) approval and have strictly observed a sufficient follow-up period. With the exception of reference presentation, Turkish Neurosurgery
requires that all manuscripts be prepared in accordance with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals
Turkish Neurosurgery periodically publishes the following papers: Original article, Reviews, Clinical and Experimental Studies, Case Reports, Technical notes, Historical Perspective, and Letters to the editors.
Authors are to submit their manuscripts through the Web-based tracking system at http://www.turkishneurosurgery.org.tr. The site contains instructions and advice on how to submit manuscripts, guidance on the creation/scanning and saving of electronic art, and supporting documentation. In addition to allowing authors to submit manuscripts on the Web, the site allows authors to follow the progression of their manuscript through the peer review process. Authors who submit their manuscripts through the Web-based tracking system are asked not to send hard copies of the manuscript to the editorial office. Please address all inquiries regarding manuscripts not yet accepted or published to the Journal's editorial office. The editorial office will acknowledge receipt of your manuscript and will send you a manuscript number for reference.
Author's comments to the reviewers are required for revised submissions. Authors must address the reviewer's concerns/suggestions and whether the change was made or not. Authors must also highlight the changes made within the text. Do not track the additions or deletions to the manuscript. If the Authors do not want to revise the manuscript within a period of two months the manuscript will automatically be declined.
Patient anonymity and informed consent. It is the author's responsibility to ensure that a patient's anonymity is carefully protected and to verify that any experimental investigation with human subjects reported in the manuscript was performed with informed consent and followed all the guidelines for experimental studies with human subjects required by the institution(s) with which all the authors are affiliated. Authors should mask patients' eyes, private parts and remove patients' names from all figures.
Copyright. All authors must sign a copy of the Journal's "Copyright Transfer/Conflict of Interest and Device Status Form" and submit it to the Editorial Office if the manuscript is accepted for publication in Turkish Neurosurgery. The authors of all published material must sign this form at the time of manuscript acceptance.
Permissions. Authors must submit written permission from the copyright owner (usually the publisher) to use direct quotations, tables, or illustrations that have appeared in copyrighted form elsewhere, along with complete details about the source. Any permissions fees that might be required by the copyright owner are the responsibility of the authors requesting use of the borrowed material and not the Turkish Neurosurgical Society.
Preparation of Manuscript
Manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions WILL BE RETURNED to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.
General format. All manuscripts should be submitted in English, and formatted for standard 81/2 x 11-inch (21 x 28-cm) paper with at least a 1-inch (2.5 cm) margin on all sides and double-spaced.
Style. Pattern manuscript style after the American Medical Association Manual of Style (9th edition). Stedman's Medical Dictionary (27th edition) and Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (10th edition) should be used as standard references. Refer to drugs and therapeutic agents by their accepted generic or chemical names, and do not abbreviate them. Use code numbers only when a generic name is not yet available. In that case, supply the chemical name and a figure giving the chemical structure of the drug. Capitalize the trade names of drugs and place them in parentheses after the generic names. To comply with trademark law, include the name and location (city and state in USA; city and country outside USA) of the manufacturer of any drug, supply, or equipment mentioned in the manuscript. Use the metric system to express the units of measure and degrees Celsius to express temperatures, and SI units rather than conventional units.
Submit the manuscript electronically via: http://www.turkishneurosurgery.org.tr in the following order:
1) Title page. Include on the title page (a) complete manuscript title; (b) authors' full names, highest academic degrees, and affiliations; (c) name and address for correspondence, including fax number, telephone number, and e-mail address; (d) address for reprints if different from that of corresponding author; (e) sources of support that require acknowledgment; (f) any other acknowledgment the authors wish to include. Please verify that the spelling, order, and affiliation of each author are correct. The Journal is not responsible for published misspelled names due to author error. A Running Head should appear in the title page. The running head should be no more than three to five words from the title, and should NOT include the authors' names.
2) Structured Abstract (only for clinical and experimental research papers), and Key Words. The following subheads must be included in the Structured Abstract: Objective (Background), Methods, Results, Conclusions. Do not cite references in the abstract, and limit the use of abbreviations and acronyms. The structured abstract must be no more than 200 words. List three to eight Key Words after the Abstract. It is not necessary to provide a structured abstract for submissions to the Case Reports, Review article, Technical note, Historical article and Letters to the editor sections.
3) Text. Organize the manuscript into four main headings: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion. For Clinical Trials, Experimental and Anatomic Studies and similar study designs, please attach the Ethical Committee Approval Form to the manuscript submission. Define abbreviations at first mention in text and in each table and figure. If a brand name is cited, supply the manufacturer's name and address (city and state/country).
Terms. Do not use the term hardware. Acceptable substitutions include implants and instrumentation. Constructs or montage may be used if the reference is to a particular pattern of fixation points for the instrumentation.
Abbreviations. For a list of standard abbreviations, consult the Council of Biology Editors Style Guide (available from the Council of Science Editors, 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814) or other standard sources. Write out the full term for each abbreviation at its first use unless it is a standard unit of measure.
4) References: The authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. Key the references (double-spaced) at the end of the manuscript. Cite references in text in alphabetical order. Do not link the references to the text. Cite unpublished data, such as papers submitted but not yet accepted for publication or personal communications, in parentheses in the text. List all authors of the reference. Refer to the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus for abbreviations of journal names, or access the list at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/serials/lji.html. Sample references are given below:
1. Journal article
Guiot BH, Khoo LT, Fessler RG: A minimally invasive technique for decompression of the lumbar spine. Turkish Neurosurgery
27: 432-438, 2002
2. Additional example
Altınörs N, Kars Z, Arda N, Şenveli E, Türker A, Çınar N: Spinal extradural metastasis of medulloblastoma. Turk Neurosurg
Suppl (veya ek) 1: 144, 1989
3. Book chapter
Sweitzer S, Arruda J, DeLeo J: The cytokine challenge: Methods for the detection of central cytokines in rodent models of
persistent pain. In: Kruger L (ed), Methods in Pain Research.
Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2001: 109-132
4. Entire book
Atlas SW: Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain and Spine. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2001.
5. Example of thesis
Kanpolat Y: Trigeminal gangliona deneysel perkütan giriş ve radyofrekans termik lezyonun histopatolojik değerlendirilmesi
(Doçentlik tezi), Ankara: Ankara Üniversitesi, 1978:1- 52
Epi Info [computer program]. Version 6. Atlanta: Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention, 1994.
7. Online journals
Friedman SA. Preeclampsia: A review of the role of prostaglandins. Obstet Gynecol [serial online]. January 1988;71:22-37. Available from: BRS Information Technologies,
McLean, VA. Accessed December 15, 1990.
5) Tables and Figures:
CANCERNET-PDQ [database online]. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute, 1996. Updated March 29, 1996.
9. World Wide Web
Gostin LO. Drug use and HIV/AIDS [JAMA HIV/AIDS web site].
June 1, 1996. Available at: http://www.ama-assn.org/special/
hiv/ethics. Accessed June 26, 1997.
Tables. Create tables in word format using the table creating and editing feature of your word processing software. Do not use Excel or comparable spreadsheet programs. Tables should not exceed page width of 41 picas or 17.5 cm. Supply tables together in a separate file. Cite tables consecutively in the text, and number them in that order. Key each on a separate sheet, include the table title, appropriate column heads, and explanatory legends (including definitions of any abbreviations used). Do not embed tables within the body of the manuscript. They should be self-explanatory and should supplement, rather than duplicate, the material in the text.
Digital Figures. All electronic art can be submitted through the Web-based tracking system http://www.turkishneurosurgery.org.tr
1. Format: Electronic art should be created/scanned and saved and submitted either as a JPEG file.
2. Sizing and Resolution: Line art must have a resolution of at least 1200 dpi (dots per inch), and electronic photographs, radiographs, CT scans, and scanned images must have a resolution of at least 300 dpi. Figures should be sized to fit either 1 column (20 picas/8.4 cm), 1 1/2 columns (30 picas/12.65 cm OR 2 columns (41 picas/17.5 cm) on a page. Sizing and Resolution can be checked through the free Sheridan Digital art checker at http://dx.sheridan.com/onl
3. Fonts: If fonts are used in the artwork, they must be converted to paths or outlines or they must be embedded in the files. Fonts must be 8 pt and be sized consistently throughout the artwork. The best font to use is Helvetica.
Figure legends. Legends must be submitted for all figures. They should be brief and specific and less than 150 characters or approximately 50 words. List figure legends on a separate page at the end of the manuscript text.
Color figures. The journal accepts for publication color figures that will enhance an article. Authors who submit color figures will receive an estimate of the cost for color reproduction. If they decide not to pay for color reproduction, they can request that the figures be converted to black and white at no charge. The authors may also request that their color figures be posted online only.
Manuscript Checklist (before submission. For author reference only)
- Title page
- Corresponding author designated, and full mailing address included on title page
- E-mail address of corresponding author included on title page
- Running head
- Permission to reproduce copyrighted materials or signed patient consent forms
- Acknowledgments listed for grants, technical support, and corporate support on title page
- Structured abstract with key words (200 words)
- Manuscript text with page numbers
- Figure legends
- Tables (Word, Wordperfect)
- Figures (jpeg)
- References double-spaced and cited in alphabetical order
Letter to the Editor: Letters to the Editor can also be submitted through Editorial Manager. Letters should refer to the title and authors of the article the letter is about and should be no longer than 300 words with no more than 3 references. Letters to the Editor are sent to the article authors for response. The Editor-in-Chief makes the final decision on whether letters to the editor and the responses are published.
Page proofs and corrections. Corresponding authors will receive electronic page proofs to check the copyedited and typeset article before publication. Portable document format (PDF) files of the typeset pages and support documents (e.g., reprint order form) will be sent to the corresponding author via e-mail. Complete instructions for downloading and printing the files and for faxing the corrected pages to the publisher will be provided with the e-mail. Authors without an e-mail address will receive traditional page proofs. It is the author's responsibility to ensure that there are no errors in the proofs. Changes that have been made to conform to journal style will stand if they do not alter the author's meaning. Only the most critical changes of the accuracy of the content will be made. Changes that are stylistic or are a reworking of previously accepted material will not be allowed. The publisher reserves the right to deny any changes that do not affect the accuracy of the content. Authors may be charged for alterations to the proofs beyond those required to correct errors or to answer queries. Proofs must be checked carefully and corrections faxed within 24 to 48 hours of receipt, as requested in the cover letter accompanying the page proofs.
Publisher's contact. Fax corrected page proofs, reprint order forms, and any other related materials to Journal Production Editor, Turkish Neurosurgery, +90 312 212 64 08. Color proofs should be returned to Journal Production Editor, Turkish Neurosurgery, Taşkent Caddesi 13/4, Bahçelievler-06500 ANKARA
Reprints. Authors will receive a reprint order form and a price list with the page proofs. Reprint requests should be faxed with the corrected proofs, if possible. Reprints are normally shipped 6 to 8 weeks after publication of the issue in which the item appears. Contact the Reprint Department, Taşkent Caddesi 13/4, Bahçelievler-06500 ANKARA