Turkish Neurosurgery
Should the Macular Lesions Around Spinal Dysraphism Be Excised? Analysis of Macular Lesions Accompanying Spinal Dysraphism
Necmettin Tutuncu2, Goktekin Tenekeci1, Sakir Unal1, Necat Yilmaz3, Celal Bagdatoglu4
1Mersin University Hospital, Department of Plastic, Reconstructive Surgery, Mersin,
2Toros State Hospital, Clinic of Plastic Surgery, Mersin,
3Mersin University, Department of Histology & Embryology, Mersin,
4Mersin University, Department of Neurosurgery, Mersin,
DOI: 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.20783-17.4

Aim:Whether the macular lesions associated with spinal dysraphism should be preserved is controversial. This area is usually excised during reconstruction. This study aims to characterize the macular lesions associated with spinal dysraphism and to determine the outcomes of cases in which macular lesions are not excised.Material and Methods:The patient cohort comprised 17 patients with spinal dysraphism who were treated at Mersin University Hospital from 2005 through 2007. Blood and tissue samples were obtained from these patients.Results:Electron microscopy results of tissue samples obtained from macular lesions are not consistent with those of hemangiomas. Increased numbers of vessels and significant dilatation was noted upon examination by light microscopy. The number of mast cell numbers, blood estradiol levels, expression of tissue inhibitor matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and dermal collagen fiber diameter were within normal range. Estrogen receptor-β was not expressed. The number of endothelial cells expressing von-Willebrand factor was higher in the macular lesions.Conclusion:The characteristics of macular lesions associated with spinal dysraphism are consistent with those of capillary malformations. We believe that the preservation of these macular lesions during soft tissue reconstruction of spinal dysraphism defects, either by mobilization on a flap or primary closure, does not compromise the viability of the macular region. By preserving these macular lesions, the creation of larger defects during excision is avoided.

Corresponding author : Goktekin Tenekeci