Turkish Neurosurgery
Chronic subdural hematoma associated with arachnoid cyst of the middle fossa : Surgical treatment and mid-term results in fifteen patients.
Ahmet Murat Müslüman1, Barış Özöner2, Atilla Kırçelli3, Songül Meltem Can1, Adem Yılmaz 1, Ayça Kaldırımoğlu 1, Balkan Şahin1
1University of Health Sciences Hamidiye Şişli Etfal SUAM Neurosurgery Department, Neurosurgery, istanbul,
2University of Erzincan Scool of Medicine, Neurosurgery, Erzincan,
3University of Başkent Scool of Medicine , Neurosurgery, İstanbul,
DOI: 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.21513-17.3

Aim:We report the neurological and radiological features, surgical management and Mid-term outcome in a series of patients with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) and associated ipsilateral arachnoid cyst (AC) of the middle fossa.Material and Methods:Between August 2004 and August 2012, 453 patients were treated with diagnosis of CSDH in our clinic. Of those, 15 patients had ipsilateral arachnoid cyst in the middle fossa. A single burr hole craniostomy was performed to drain the hematoma and the AC left intact at first in 14 patients, one patient had no surgical intervention. Follow-up period ranged from 13 months to 88 months (mean 43.07 ± 23.23 months).Results:The patients having CSDH with AC were found to be younger than the patients with CSDH alone, the mean age was 13.93 ±12.37 years Eleven patients had head trauma 21 to 50 days before admission. Hematoma evacuation through a single burr hole and closed system subdural drainage 2 to 4 days after surgery improved the symptoms in all patients. Two patients developed subdural fluid collection which is treated by subduroperitoneal shunt placement.Conclusion:Greater prevalence of ACs in patients with CSDHs has been reported in the literature. We recommend the drainage of the hematoma via a single craniostomy and to leave the AC intact as the first choice of treatment if the associated AC is a Galassi type I or II. Additional subduroperitoneal shunting may be performed in patients with Galassi type III cyst.

Corresponding author : Ahmet Murat Müslüman