Turkish Neurosurgery
COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS IN THE FOLLOW-UP OF SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE: An Experimental Rat Study
Turan Kandemir1, Fulya Buge Ergen4, Didem Turgut Cosan2, Fezan Mutlu3, Zühtü Özbek1, Tevfik Erhan Coşan1
1University of Eskişehir Osmangazi School of Medicine , Neurosurgery, Eskişehir,
2University of Eskişehir Osmangazi School of Medicine, Medical Biology, Eskişehir,
3University of Eskişehir Osmangazi School of Medicine, Biostatistics, Eskişehir,
4University of Eskişehir Osmangazi School of Medicine, Interdisciplinary Neuroscience, Eskişehir,
DOI: 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.23942-18.1

Aim:We questioned the effect of different environmental conditions on the brain in rats with subarachnoid haemorrhage. Material and Methods:Microtubules in neurons mediate both the consciousness and memory and regulate firing. Microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) promote microtubule organisation and dynamics. We investigated MAP2, tau and amyloid beta levels in the hippocampus and the frontal cortex after experimental subarachnoid haemorrhage in rats. Subjects were divided into subgroups and were housed either in an enriched, standard or isolated environment. Tissue levels were measured on day 7 for short-term outcomes and on day 14 for long-term outcomes after SAH.Results:After SAH, the results showed that decreased MAP2 levels, a trend in pathologic tau accumulation and increased amyloid beta levels in different brain regions of rats kept in an isolated environment. Frontal lobe MAP2 levels were increased in rats kept in an enriched environment for 7 days. Pathological hippocampal tau and frontal lobe amyloid beta levels were increased in rats kept in an isolated environment for 7 days. Increased MAP2 levels in the hippocampus, decreased frontal and hippocampal amyloid beta were seen in rats kept in an enriched environment for 14 days. Conclusion:Although it would be too early to offer recommendations, results of the present study support that an enriched environment may be more valuable in the follow-up of SAH. Further experimental studies would provide more reliable results to facilitate discussions about how to optimise the patient\'s environmental conditions.

Corresponding author : Zühtü Özbek