Turkish Neurosurgery
Evaluation of the Effect of Daptomycin, a Glycopeptide Agent, on Intact Intervertebral Disc Tissue
Necati Kaplan1, Ibrahim Yilmaz2, Numan Karaarslan3, Duygu Sirin Yasar4, Abdullah Talha Şimşek3, Tezcan Caliskan3, Rifat Bircan4, Hanefi Ozbek2
1Istanbul Rumeli University, Corlu Reyap Hospital, Neurosurgery , Tekirdağ,
2Istanbul Medipol University School of Medicine, Medical Pharmacology, Istanbul,
3Namik Kemal University School of Medicine, Neurosurgery , Tekirdağ,
4Namik Kemal University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Molecular Biology and Genetics, Tekirdağ,
DOI: 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.24447-18.3

Aim:In cases such as septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, and spondylodiscitis, antibiotics can be used in long-term, high, and repeated doses. In addition to their side effect profile, antibiotics used in this way may also have adverse effects that cause toxicity. This study was conducted with the objective of evaluating the effects of pre- and intra-operatively administered daptomycin (DAP) on the intact human primary intervertebral disc tissue cells.Material and Methods:Primary cell cultures were established using tissues obtained through decompressive laminectomy, traumatic intervertebral disc herniation excision, and posterior transpedicular stabilization. Non-drug-administered samples were used as a control group. The samples treated with DAP formed the study group. Molecular assays for proliferation and gene expression were performed. The obtained data were evaluated statistically, and results with a value of p<0.05 were accepted as significant.Results:While no reduction was observed in the proliferation, the gene expression of intact intervertebral disc tissue cells was time-dependently decreased compared to the control group, and these results were reported to be statistically significant.Conclusion:This study observed the effect that a pharmaceutical preparation, which was used on intervertebral disc tissue before and after the operation, had on normal, healthy, and intact tissue. It concludes that alterations in the expression of genes involved in the anabolic and/or catabolic process, even in adjacent healthy tissue, may slow down the healing process of the damaged tissue or cause undesired cell differentiation.

Corresponding author : Numan Karaarslan