Turkish Neurosurgery
LIGHT MICROSCOPIC EVALUATION OF ACUTE AND CHRONIC HYPOPHYSEAL ENDOCRINOPATHY IN A KAOLIN-INDUCED HYDROCEPHALUS MODEL
raziye handan nurhat1, hakan sabuncuoğlu2, burak kazancı2, ferda topal3, bizden sabuncuoğlu3
1kırklareli lüleburgaz state hospital, department of neurosurgery, kırklareli,
2university of ufuk School of Medicine , department of neurosurgery, ankara,
3university of ankara school of medicine, department of histology and embriology, ankara,
DOI: 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.24764-18.2

Aim:Hydrocephalus is characterized by enlargement of the cerebral ventricles, leading to increased intracranial pressure and consequent motor, cognitive, and endocrine disturbances. Herein, we demonstrate progression of acute and chronic endocrinopathy in a kaolin-induced hydrocephalus model using light microscopy. Material and Methods:Adult male Sprague–Dawley rats (n = 48) were divided into six groups. Hydrocephalus was induced by intracisternal injection of kaolin solution in the acute and kaolin groups, whereas an identical volume of sterile saline was injected into the sham groups. Results:Somatotropic cell concentrations were lower in the kaolin groups compared with their controls, but there was no difference in somatotropic cell concentration between the acute and chronic kaolin groups. Corticotropic cell concentrations were higher in the acute kaolin and sham groups compared with acute controls. Thyrotropic cell numbers were higher in the acute sham and kaolin groups compared with their controls, and although thyrotropic cell concentations were higher in the acute kaolin group than the acute sham group. No differences were observed between the acute and chronic controls and sham and kaolin groups regarding mammotropic and gonadototropic cell concentations. Conclusion:Somatotropic cells are most affected by hydrocephalus that causes pituitary dysfunction, and this effect was more prominent under acute and chronic phases.

Corresponding author : raziye handan nurhat