Turkish Neurosurgery
Morphometric measurement of lower lumbar intervertebral foramina based on digital three-dimensional simulation
Jian-hui Dai1, Zheng-xi Yu1, Xing Li1, Yu-jun Wu1, Huai-zhi Zhang1, Xu Chen1, Jian-Hua Lv1, Hai-bin Lin1
1The Affiliated Hospital of Putian University, Southern Medical University, Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery, Fujian,
DOI: 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.29654-20.2

Aim:This study aimed to investigate the morphology of the lower lumbar intervertebral foramina through use of a digital three-dimensional (3D) simulation model to guide the endoscope through the intervertebral foramina. Material and Methods:Individuals without disease affecting the lumbar vertebrae underwent computed tomography (CT) scanning in the supine position. The CT images obtained were imported to medical software to reconstruct a 3D model of the lumbar vertebrae. The stereoscopic longitudinal and transverse diameters of the lumbar intervertebral foramina were measured directly on the established simulation model. Comparisons in terms of sex and age were performed using t-test or analysis of variance. Results:In total, 100 individuals were included in the study. Average longitudinal and transverse diameters of the lower lumbar intervertebral foramen decreased moving inferiorly. The longitudinal and transverse diameters of the lower lumbar intervertebral foramina were similar between sexes and between age groups. However, longitudinal diameter decreased with age (P < 0.05). Conclusion:The reconstructed lumbar vertebrae simulation model presented in this study has high fidelity to the structure of the human lumbar spine. This approach provides individualized, accurate, standardized, and detailed guidance for endoscopic surgery through the lumbar intervertebral foramen.

Corresponding author : Hai-bin Lin