Turkish Neurosurgery
Surgical Treatment of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy and Micro-neuroanatomical Details of the Medial Temporal Region
Atilla Erdem1, Ayse Karatas Demirciler 2, Serdar Solmaz1, Onur Ozgural1, Umit Eroglu1, Alain Wambe1, Ozan Tekneci1
1Ankara University School of Medicine, Neurosurgery, Ankara,
2İzmir Kâtip Çelebi University School of Medicine , Neurosurgery, İzmir,
DOI: 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.31629-20.2

Aim:Although different surgical approaches to the mesial temporal area are used, the best surgical approach to treat temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) has not been established yet. Therefore, resective surgery is currently considered to be the most effective treatment for medically intractable TLE. The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term efficacy of TLE surgery and to emphasize the factors affecting seizure outcomes such as surgical technique nuances and micro-neuroanatomical details in TLE cases.Material and Methods:In this retrospective analysis, 238 patients who underwent epilepsy surgery at Ankara University (Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery) between 1990 and 2019 were included. All patients presented with symptoms of TLE. They were divided into two groups: those with neoplastic lesions and those with non-neoplastic brain lesions presenting with medically intractable epilepsy. In the non-neoplastic group, the patients underwent anterior temporal lobectomy with amygdalo-hippocampectomy (ATL+AH), whereas in the neoplastic group, the patients underwent tumor resection in addition to ATL+AH.Results:This study included 126 female (52.9%) and 112 male (47.1%) patients. The mean duration of epilepsy was 14.65 ± 9.29 years (0.08–46 years). The number of patients in the non-neoplastic and neoplastic groups was 190 and 48, respectively. The mean duration of follow-up was 15.82 ± 6.55 years (1–28 years). In the neoplastic and non-neoplastic groups, the Engel I seizure-free rates were 91.6% (44/48) and 90.5% (172/190), respectively. Furthermore, no mortality was observed among the groups.Conclusion:Overall, effective seizure control was achieved with acceptable morbidity and complication rates in the neoplastic and non-neoplastic groups with surgical and micro-neuroanatomical nuances.

Corresponding author : Atilla Erdem