Turkish Neurosurgery
Risk Factors and Surgical Treatment Options for Intracranial Infections
Gulden Yılmaz Tehli1, Şahin Kırmızıgöz2, Mehmet Ozan Durmaz2, Mehmet Can Ezgü2, Özkan Tehli2
1Gulhane Education and Research Hospital, Infection Diseases, Ankara,
2Gulhane Education and Research Hospital, Neurosurgery, Ankara,
DOI: 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.40387-22.4

Aim:This study aimed to present our series of intracranial infections and to determine the possible locations and risk factors for surgical treatment.Material and Methods:Over 13 years, 103 patients with intracranial infection underwent surgical evacuation. Seventy-one (68.9%) patients were men, and the mean age was 38.57 years. For intracranial infections, direct and indirect microbiological identification methods were used. The clinical and radiological data of patients were retrospectively analyzed and compared statistically based on the type of infection, location, history of previous surgery, comorbid diseases, and demographic features of the patients.Results:Forty-six (44.7%) patients had intraparenchymal abscess, 25 (24.3%) had subdural empyema, and 32 (31.0%) had epidural empyema. Emergent surgical evacuation was performed in 60 (58.25%) patients. Microbiological agents were not isolated in 26 (25%) patients, while multiple microorganisms were isolated in 17 (16.5%) patients. Intraparenchymal abscesses are more common in the frontal lobe and cerebellum, while subdural empyemas are located more frequently in the frontoparietal region. There was no significant difference between intracranial infection and age, gender, history of surgery, and preoperative antibiotic use. However, a statistically significant relationship between intracranial infection, history of previous surgery, and the patient\'s comorbid disease was found. Specifically, intraparenchymal abscesses were more frequently detected in immunocompromised patients, and subdural empyemas were common in patients with previous tumor surgery.Conclusion:Brain abscesses commonly develop in the frontal lobe and cerebellum. Patients who underwent previous cranial surgery and patients with comorbid diseases are more prone to intracranial infections. Large abscesses with significant edema are best candidates for emergent surgical evacuation.

Corresponding author : Gulden Yılmaz Tehli