Turkish Neurosurgery 2018 , Vol 28 , Num 5
Biology and Architecture: Two Buildings Inspired by the Anatomy of the Visual System
1Bahcesehir University, Faculty of Architecture and Design-Architecture, Istanbul, Turkey DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.23599-18.0 Architectural production has been influenced by a variety of sources. Forms derived from nature, biology and live organisms, had often been utilised in art and architecture. Certain features of the human anatomy had been reflected in design process in various ways, as imitations, abstractions, interpretations of the reality. The correlation of ideal proportions had been investigated throughout centuries. Scholars, art historians starting with Vitruvius from the world of ancient Roman architecture, described the human figure as being the principal source of proportion among the classical orders of architecture. This study aims to investigate two contemporary buildings, namely Kiasma Museum in Helsinki and Eye Museum in Amsterdam, inspired directly from the anatomy of visual system. Moreover the author discussed the relationship of biology and architecture through these two special buildings by viewing the eye and chiasma as metaphors for elements of architecture. Keywords : Biology-inspired architecture, Chiasma, Eye, Representation, Visual system
Corresponding author : Irem MARO KIRIS, iremmaro@yahoo.com, irem.kiris@arc.bau.edu.tr