Turkish Neurosurgery 2024 , Vol 34 , Num 4
Effect of Size and Location of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms on Self-Reported Headache
1Hospital General de Zona #2, IMSS, OOAD Aguascalientes
2Departamento de Neurología, Instituto Nacional de Neurología ?Manuel Velasco Suárez?, Mexico
3Centro Neurológico ABC, Mexico
4Centro de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes, Mexico
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.45018-23.2 AIM: To describe the relationship between aneurysm size and location with the prevalence of headache at diagnosis and three- and six-month follow-up in a sample of patients with UIA.

MATERIAL and METHODS: In this cohort study, patients were diagnosed with UIAs by digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Follow-up visits occurred three and six months after the diagnosis. Headache presence was registered, and headache was further classified by phenotypes. After DSA, the recorded variables were aneurysm number, morphology, location, and size (diameter [W], neck [N], and dome-neck distance [H]). The aspect ratio (H/N) and the dome/neck ratio (W/N) were calculated. The outcome of this study was the self-reported headache status at follow-up.

RESULTS: Data from 42 patients and 46 aneurysms were available; 81.0% of patients were women, with a mean age of 57.4±14.3 years. Headache was reported by 61.9% of the patients. The pain phenotype was tension-type in 38.1%, migraine in 11.9%, neuralgia in 2.4%, and unclassifiable in 9.5%. The median (min?max) measurements were W=5.05 (0.89?22.9); N=3.02 (0.52?17.9); H=5.08 (0.92?23.0); aspect ratio 1.59 (0.68?17.69) and W/N ratio 1.65 (0.62?16.92). Thirty-three patients (37 aneurysms) received treatment, 47.8% by surgical clipping and 32.6% by endovascular occlusion. In the treated patients, headaches had persisted in 14.3% until the first visit and in 9.5% until the second visit. There were no differences in any registered variables between patients with and without headaches at follow-up.

CONCLUSION: In this study, data was found that support that headaches in patients with UIAs improve after treatment and that such improvement is probably unrelated to the size and shape of the UIAs. Keywords : Intracranial aneurysm, Prevalence, Headache, Outcome

Corresponding author : Juan M CALLEJA-CASTILLO, juancalleja@me.com