Turkish Neurosurgery
Use of Chicken Embryos as an Angiogenesis Model for Central Nervous System Malignant Tumor Research
Nurcan Umur1, Seren Gülşen Gürgen2, Hayrunnisa Yeşil Sarsmaz3, Ahmet Şükrü Umur4
1Manisa Celal Bayar University, School of Vocational Health Service, Molecular Biology, Manisa,
2Manisa Celal Bayar Universty School of Vocational Health Service, Histology Embryology, Manisa,
3Manisa Celal Bayar Universty Faculty of Health Sciences, Histology Embryology, Manisa,
4Manisa Celal Bayar Universty School of Medicine, Neurosurgery, Manisa,
DOI: 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.40861-22.3

Aim:The chicken embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model is an in vivo system that can be used in angiogenesis research. At the same time, it is attractive for researchers in that it is easy to apply, simple, inexpensive, reproducible, and observing the angiogenic response. In our study, we aimed to demonstrate the usability of chicken CAM as an angiogenesis model for the development and treatment of malignant tumors of the central nervous system. Material and Methods:Therefore, a fresh tumor tissue piece taken from Glioblastoma patients, a malignant tumor of the central nervous system, was transferred to the CAM of chicken embryos and left to incubate in the incubator and their development was monitored. After examining the results of the study macroscopically, CAM tissue samples were evaluated both histochemically and immunohistochemically in terms of angiogenic factors VEGF (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor), bFGF (basic Fibroblast Growth Factor) and PDGF (Platelet Derived Growth Factor).Results:According to our histochemical findings obtained from our study when compared with control embryos, blood vessels, fibroblast count and inflammatory infiltration were observed more in the tumor transplanted groups, especially in the tumor-developing CAM region. There was also intense pleomorphism and marked hypercellularity in the cells. In our immunohistochemical findings, it was determined that bFGF, PDGF, VEGF staining intensities were higher in tumor transplanted groups compared to control groups, and this elevation was more pronounced in the tumor-developing region. Conclusion:As a result, it has been shown that the chicken embryo CAM model may be a suitable in vivo model for cancer angiogenesis studies. The protocol we created in this study will be a source for projects related to the use of therapeutic agents in cancer angiogenesis.

Corresponding author : Ahmet Şükrü Umur