Turkish Neurosurgery
Risk factors for specific postoperative ischemic complications in patients with Moyamoya disease: a single-center retrospective study
Huan Zhu1, Qihang Zhang1, Wenjie Li1, Peijiong Wang1, Qian Zhang1, Dong Zhang1, Yan Zhang1
1Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Neurosurgery, Beijing,
2Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Beijing,
DOI: 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.42740-22.2

Aim:Patients with Moyamoya disease (MMD) can develop ischemic complications of varying severity, including transient ischemic attack (TIA), reversible ischemic neurologic deficits, and infarction, following revascularization surgery. We compared postoperative ischemic complications to determine the risk factors for their development following revascularization surgery for MMD.Material and Methods:This single-center retrospective study included 266 procedures between 2016 and 2021. Three types of revascularization approaches including direct bypass, indirect bypass, and combined bypass were performed. To identify risk factors for postoperative ischemic complications and contralateral cerebral infarction, preoperative clinical characteristics and radiographic features were examined using multivariate and ordinal logistic regression analyses.Results:Postoperative ischemic complications occurred in 103 (6.6%) procedures. Ischemic presentation (p = 0.001, odds ratios [OR] 5.59, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.05–15.23), hypertension (p = 0.030, OR 2.75, 95%CI 1.11– 6.83), advanced Suzuki stage (p = 0.006, OR 3.19, 95%CI 1.40–7.26), and collateral circulation (p = 0.001 OR 0.17, 95%CI 0.06–0.47) were risk factors for postoperative ischemic complications. Ordinal regression analysis revealed that unilateral involvement (p = 0.043, OR 2.70, 95%CI 0.09–5.31), hemorrhagic presentation (p = 0.013, OR 3.45, 95%CI 0.72–6.18), surgical approach (p = 0.032, OR −1.38, 95%CI −2.65, −0.12), and collateral circulation [p = 0.043, OR −1 .27, 95%CI −2.51, −0.04)] were associated with the type of ischemic complications. History of hypertension (p = 0.031) and contralateral computed tomography (CT) perfusion stage (p = 0.045) were associated with contralateral infarction. Conclusion:Inability of cerebral vessels to withstand changes in blood pressure induced by revascularization-related hemodynamic instability might be associated with postoperative complications in patients with Moyamoya disease.

Corresponding author : Yan Zhang