Turkish Neurosurgery
Prognostic Utility of Albumin-to-gamma-Glutamyltransferase Ratio in Patients with High-Grade Glioma and the Development of a Nomogram for Overall Survival
Yunlong Pei1, Haixiao Jiang2, Enpeng Zhang3, Lun Dong4, Dai Yan5
1The Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University, Department of Critical Care Medicine, Yangzhou,
2The Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University, Department of Neurosurgery, Yangzhou,
3Dalian Medical University, Department of Neurosurgery, Dalian,
4Clinical Medical College of Yangzhou University, Department of Neurosurgery, Yangzhou,
5Clinical Medical College of Yangzhou University, Department of Scientific Research, Yangzhou,
DOI: 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.46130-23.2

Aim:Many combinations of inflammation-based markers have been reported their prognostic ability. The prognostic value of albumin-to-gama-glutamyltransferase ratio (AGR), an inflammation-related index, has been identified for several cancers. However, the predictive value of AGR for high-grade glioma patients remains unclear. As a result, this study was conducted to assess the prognostic value of AGR in high-grade glioma patients (WHO III and IV) and develop a predictive nomogram.Material and Methods:Data from 185 patients diagnosed with high-grade gliomas, who underwent surgical treatment between March 2013 and December 2022, were retrospectively analysed. Patients were randomly divided into training and validation cohorts. The nomogram was developed using multivariate Cox regression analysis according to selected risk factors using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (i.e., “LASSO”) regression. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, calibration curve, and C-index were used to assess the performance of the prediction model.Results:This study included data from 185 patients; six independent risk factors were identified and used to generate a prognostic nomogram: WHO grade, body mass index (BMI), smoking, platelet (PLT) count, fibrinogen (FIB) level, and AGR. The nomogram demonstrated considerable prognostic consistency and discrimination. The prognostic utility of AGR was identified in patients with glioma (hazard ratio 0.7876 [95% confidence interval 0.6471–0.9585]; p=0.0172).Conclusion:AGR was a potential risk factor for predicting overall survival in patients with glioma after surgery. The nomogram integrated WHO grade, BMI, smoking status, PLT count, and FIB level. AGR provided clinical guidance for surgeons to predict survival rates in patients with glioma.

Corresponding author : Lun Dong