Turkish Neurosurgery 2012 , Vol 22 , Num 4
Armored Brain in Patients with Hydrocephalus after Shunt Surgery: Review of the Literatures
Mahmoud M. TAHA
Zagazig University Hospitals, Department of Neurosurgery, Zagazig, Egypt DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.4782-11.1 Armored brain or chronic calcified subdural hematoma is a rare complication of cerebrospinal fluid diversion with few cases reported in the literature. Seventeen patients with this pathology have been published. A complete review of the literatures regarding this topic has been collected and discussed. The author also presents a 12- year old boy with triventricular hydrocephalus who had undergone ventriculoperitoneal medium pressure shunt system since birth. The patient presented to our clinic with a 2-year history of seizures. The patient was conscious and without neurological deficits on examination. Computed tomography of the brain showed bilateral high density mass with surface calcification. X ray skull and MRI confirmed the calcified subdural hematoma bilaterally. We preferred conservative treatment and the patient continued his antiepileptic treatment. At one year follow up, the patient had the same neurological state. The case highlights the importance of frequent follow up CT brain after shunt surgery. Keywords : Armored brain, Subdural hematoma, Hydrocephalus, Ventriculoperitoneal shunt, Complications
Corresponding author : Mahmoud M. Taha, mahmoudlotfy1972@yahoo.co.uk