Turkish Neurosurgery 2014 , Vol 24 , Num 2
Controlled Decompression for the Treatment of Severe Head Injury: A Preliminary Study
Yuhai WANG, Chunli WANG, Likun YANG, Sang CAI, Xuejian CAI, Jirong DONG, Jiandong ZHANG, Jun ZHU
101 Hospital of Chinese People’s Liberation Army, Department of Neurosurgery, XingYuan North Road, Wu Xi, Jiang Su, China DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.8135-13.1 AIM: Fast direct decompression surgery for treatment of severe head injury often results in intraoperative and postoperative complications. Controlled decompression may help prevent these complications. This preliminary study aims to compare the effects of controlled and conventional decompression in patients with severe head injury.

MATERIAL and METHODS: A total of 128 patients with severe head injury were included. Patients were allocated to receive either controlled decompression surgery (n = 64) or conventional decompressive craniectomy (n = 64). Controlled decompression comprised controlled ventricular drainage and controlled hematoma evacuation. The occurrence of delayed hematoma, acute brain swelling, and postoperative cerebral infarction were recorded.

RESULTS: Significantly lower proportion of patients in the controlled decompression group had intraoperative acute brain swelling compared to patients in the decompressive craniectomy group (9.4% vs 26.6%, P = 0.011). Intraoperative acute encephalocele occurred in 3 of 13 patients (23.1%) who had delayed hematoma in the controlled decompression group compared with 11 of 18 patients (61.1%) in the decompressive craniectomy group. There was no significant between group difference in the incidence of delayed hematoma or postoperative cerebral infarction.

CONCLUSION: Controlled decompression may reduce or delay intraoperative acute brain swelling by delaying hematoma formation in patients with severe head injury. Keywords : Brain swelling, Decompressive craniectomy, Severe, Head injury, Traumatic intracranial hematoma

Corresponding author : Yuhai Wang, dryuhaiwang@yeah.net