Turkish Neurosurgery 2014 , Vol 24 , Num 5
Idiopathic Scoliosis
1Tepecik Education and Training Hospital ,Clinic of Neurosurgery, Izmir, Turkey
2Neurospinal Academy, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.8838-13.0 Scoliosis refers to curves exceeding 10 degrees observed through posterioanterior direct radiography. In fact, the diagnosis for idiopathic scoliosis is accepted to exclude already available causes. The aim of this paper was to review the etiopathogenesis, classification systems and the treatment management of idiopathic scoliosis. A search in the National Library of Medicine (Pubmed) database using the key words ‘idiopathic’ and ‘scoliosis’ was performed. For the literature review, papers concerning the etiopathogenesis, classification and treatment were selected among these articles. A search in the National Library of Medicine (Pubmed) database using the key words ‘idiopathic’ and ‘scoliosis’ yielded 4518 articles published between 1947 and 2013. The main hypothesis put forward included genetic factors, hormonal factors, bone and connective tissue anomalies. King, Lenke, Coonrad and Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) classifications were the main classification systems for idiopathic scoliosis. Exercise, bracing and anterior, posterior or combined surgery when indicated are the choices for the treatment. Every idiopathic scoliosis case has to be managed to its own characteristics. It is the post-operative appearance that the surgeons are perhaps the least interested but the adolescent patients the most interested in. The aim of scoliosis surgery is to restore the spine without neurological deficit. Keywords : Idiopathic, Scoliosis, Review
Corresponding author : Onur Yaman, dronuryaman@yahoo.com