Turkish Neurosurgery 2015 , Vol 25 , Num 4
Anatomical Variability in the Termination of the Basilar Artery in the Human Cadaveric Brain
Sandhya GUNNAL, Mujeebuddin FAROOQUI, Rajendra WABALE
Rural Medical College, Department of Anatomy, Post. Loni, Tal. Rahata, Dist. Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.12812-14.0 Aim: The basilar artery (BA) is the prominent median vessel of the vertebrobasilar circulation and usually terminates into two posterior cerebral arteries forming the posterior angle of the Circle of Willis (CW). To tackle different variations of CW, basilar artery acts as a guideline for neuroradiologists and neurosurgeons. Basilar termination is the most frequent site of aneurysm. Abnormalities at the site of termination may compress the oculomotor nerve. Variations at the termination may complicate surgeries at the base of brain. The present study aims to add to the knowledge regarding the termination pattern of the BA.

Material and Methods: 170 BA terminations were studied. Morphological variations in the termination pattern were noted. Frequency of variations in termination patterns was recorded. Dimensions of BA were measured. Data were analyzed.

Results: Morphological variations in termination were seen in 17.64%. Bifurcation, Trifurcation, Quadrifurcation, Pentafurcation and Nonfurcation of BA was seen in 82.35%, 5.29%, 5.88%, 3.52% and 2.94% respectively. BA associated with aneurysm and Fenestration was seen in 3.52% and 1.17% respectively. Mean length and diameter of BA was 30.27 mm and 4.8 mm respectively.

Conclusion: Awareness of these anatomical variations in termination patterns of BA is important in neurovascular procedures. Keywords : Basilar artery, Bifurcation, Trifurcation, Pentafurcation, Variation, Brain, Anatomy

Corresponding author : Sandhya A Gunnal, sandhyagunnal@gmail.com