Turkish Neurosurgery 2020 , Vol 30 , Num 4
Cranial Intraosseous Meningiomas: CT and MRI Findings
Erkan GOKCE1,Murat BEYHAN2,Leyla ACU3
1Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Tokat, Turkey
2Tokat State Hospital, Department of Radiology, Tokat, Turkey
3Zurich University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Zurich, Switzerland
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.25694-18.4 AIM: To evaluate computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of cranial intraosseous meningiomas (IOMs).

MATERIAL and METHODS: This study included ten patients (six females and four males) with IOMs who underwent cranial CT and/ or MRI examinations during May 2009?June 2018. Lesions were classified based on the following locations: the sphenoid ridge, the calvarial convexity, other skull base bones, and the sphenoid ridge + calvarial extension. Bony extension, contour irregularity or radial bone spiculation, bony changes (hyperostotic, lytic, or mixed patterns), dural calcification, cerebral edema, and the presence of soft tissue were evaluated.

RESULTS: A total of eleven IOMs were identified in ten patients. The age of patients was 46?80 (mean: 55.30 ± 9.84) years. Five of the lesions were located in the sphenoid ridge + calvarium, three in the sphenoid ridge, two in the skull base, and one in the calvarial convexity. Seven lesions exhibited radial bone spiculation. Moreover, nine lesions exhibited hyperostotic CT pattern; while, two exhibited a mixed pattern. Three IOMs were accompanied with dural calcification, and peritumoral edema was observed in six IOMs.

CONCLUSION: IOMs are predominantly low-grade tumors, commonly located in the periorbital area and often accompanied by soft tissue components and dural infiltrations. They most commonly lead to radial bone spiculation and bone expansion. Patients primarily have single lesions but may occasionally have multiple ones. Keywords : Computed tomography, Cranium, Intraosseous meningioma, Magnetic resonance imaging

Corresponding author : Erkan GOKCE, drerkangokce@gmail.com