Turkish Neurosurgery 2021 , Vol 31 , Num 3
ICA Bifurcation Aneurysms: Clinical Features and Surgical Outcome in a Tertiary Referral Center in South India
Pankaj SHIVHARE1,Pradeepanand VAIDYA1,Gograj GARHWAL1,Nithin RAJ1,Jaypalsinh GOHIL1, Ninad SAWANT1,Prakash NAIR1,Krishnakumar KESAVAPISHARADY1,Mathew ABRAHAM1
1Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Department of Neurosurgery, Trivandrum, India DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.25915-19.3 AIM: To study the clinical profile, imaging features, intra-operative findings, post-operative outcome at discharge and at 6 months in patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) bifurcation aneurysm.

MATERIAL and METHODS: Present study is a retrospective analysis of data of patients who underwent surgery for ICA bifurcation aneurysm between the period of 1st January 2011 to 31st December 2015 at our institute. Demographic variable, clinical grade, radiological finding was assessed. Outcome was measured using modified Rankin score (mRs) at discharge and at 6 months follow up. All ICA bifurcation aneurysms were clipped using a standard pterional craniotomy.

RESULTS: A total of 28 patients were included in the study out of which 4 had bilateral ICA bifurcation aneurysms. Mean age was 44.15 (age range 14-65) years, with 43.75% of patient were <40yrs. Multiple aneurysms were seen in 11 (39.28%) patients, with superior projection being the most common in 53.12%. Vasospasm was seen in 12 (42.85%) with 4 patients undergoing chemical angioplasty. At discharge good outcome (mRs <3) was seen in 4/5 (80%) patients in the un-bled category, whereas 18/23 (78.2%) in bled category. At 6 months follow up, mRs <3 was seen 4 (100%) patients in unbled category, and 84.21% (16 of 19) patients in bled group.

CONCLUSION: The findings of the present study have shown an increased incidence of bilaterality and multiplicity for ICA bifurcation aneurysms. The direction of the dome of aneurysm and temporary clipping do not affect the treatment outcomes. These aneurysms have excellent outcomes following surgery. Keywords : Intracranial aneurysm, Internal carotid artery, ICA bifurcation, Outcome, Surgery, Vasospasm

Corresponding author : Mathew ABRAHAM, mathewnew@gmail.com