Turkish Neurosurgery 2023 , Vol 33 , Num 2
Use of Growth Rod Systems for Management of Early Onset Scoliosis in Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review
Kshitij GUPTA,Sitanshu BARIK,Mosharaf H. SARKAR,Sunny CHAUDHARY,Sourabh K. SINHA,Vikash RAJ,Pankaj KANDWAL
1All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Orthopedics, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
2All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Orthopedics, Deoghar, Jharkhand, India
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.41939-22.2 AIM: To review the literature for the role and outcome of growing rod surgeries in patients with cerebral palsy associated neuromuscular scoliosis.

MATERIAL and METHODS: A systematic search was conducted according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Electronic literature search was conducted of PubMed and Embase databases. Patient demographics, type of growing rod used, lengthening and complications were analyzed from the included studies.

RESULTS: A total of 11 studies with poor overall study quality (Level of evidence IV, V) were included in the study. A total of 181 patients with mean age 6.8 ± 1.3 (5-13 range) years at index surgery and mean follow-up of 3.02 ± 1.3 (2-5.8 range) years were included in the study, with a female preponderance. The most common curve and instrumentation was thoraco-lumbar and conventional dual growing rods respectively. All studies showed improvement in Cobb?s angle and pelvic obliquity. There was better improvement in pelvic obliquity if pelvis was included in instrumentation. Wound related complications (34.6%) were most commonly noted.

CONCLUSION: Overall growing rod construct has shown questionable outcomes in cerebral palsy patients with scoliosis in terms of the complication rate observed although allowing growth of the spinal column with regular lengthenings. Magnetic controlled growth rods hold a bright promise for the future considering its ability to maintain correction as well as the lower rate of complications The benefits and risk of immediate fusion with respect to growth sparing surgeries should be considered before the decision. Keywords : Cerebral palsy, Early onset scoliosis, Growth rods, Guided growth, Growing rod

Corresponding author : Sitanshu BARIK, sitanshubarik@gmail.com