Turkish Neurosurgery 2023 , Vol 33 , Num 2
AGR2 Gene Expression in Glioblastoma: A Novel Molecular Potential Target for Diagnosis and Treatment
1Balikesir University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Balikesir, Turkey
2Haseki Research and Training Hospital, Neurosurgery Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey
3Balikesir University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Genetics, Balikesir, Turkey
4Basaksehir Health Sciences University, Cam and Sakura City Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey
5Dr. Lutfu Kirdar Kartal Training and Research Hospital, Neurosurgery Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.37436-21.2 AIM: To assess anterior gradient protein 2 (AGR2) gene expression in patients with human glioblastoma (GBM) in comparison to levels in healthy brain tissues.

MATERIAL and METHODS: We evaluated the expression levels of AGR2 gene in 34 tissue samples: 29 of them were derived from patients with glioblastoma (GBM group) and 5 were derived from patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (control group). Moreover, in order to demonstrate the AGR2 gene expression, we performed RNA isolation from tissue samples, cDNA acquisition from RNA via reverse transcription and the demonstration of gene expression via real-time polymerase chain reaction. We therefore confirmed findings of both groups.

RESULTS: The mean age of the GBM and control groups were 53.1 ± 12.82 years and 40.4 ± 10.92 years respectively. AGR2 gene expression levels of the GBM group were significantly higher than those of the control group (p<0.01). There were no significant differences of AGR2 gene expression levels across age groups, levels of glucose, urea, creatinine, white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil, lymphocyte, hemoglobin, platelet, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), T3 and T4 in GBM group (p>0.05).

CONCLUSION: AGR2 gene expression was significantly higher in patients with GBM. Thus, AGR2 gene can be considered as a potential therapeutic target. Keywords : Glioblastoma, GBM, Anterior gradient protein 2, AGR2, Gene

Corresponding author : Salim KATAR, salimkatar@gmail.com