Turkish Neurosurgery 2023 , Vol 33 , Num 6
Identification of Radiological and Clinical Factors that Increase the Risk of Chronic Subdural Hematoma Recurrence
Mehmet Emin AKYUZ1,Hakan Hadi KADIOGLU2
1Siirt Training and Research Hospital, Deparment of Neurosurgery, Siirt, Turkey
2Ataturk University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Erzurum, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.40343-22.5 AIM: To determine risk factors predicting chronic subdural hematoma (CSH) recurrence is a common type of intracranial hemorrhage in elderly patients. Despite improved medical diagnosis and treatment, the reoperation rate remains high.

MATERIAL and METHODS: A retrospective review of 291 CSH patients admitted to our department was performed. Clinical and radiological factors predictive for CSH recurrence were identified by univariate analyses; variables whose p-value was <0.05 underwent multivariate logistic regression analyses.

RESULTS: Univariate analyses revealed that preoperative midline shift (p=0.025), mix-density hematoma (p=0.023), internal architecture of hematoma (p=0.044), membranectomy (p=0.001), and ambient cistern compression (p=0.001) correlated with a significantly higher rate of recurrence. Multivariate analyses showed that separated architecture, membranectomy and ambient cistern compression were independent risk factors for CSH recurrence.

CONCLUSION: Among many factors, membranectomy, separated architecture, and ambient cistern compression were the strongest predictors for recurrence. Keywords : Recurrence, Chronic subdural hematoma, Risk factor

Corresponding author : Mehmet Emin AKYUZ, mehmeteminakyuz25@gmail.com