Turkish Neurosurgery 2008 , Vol 18 , Num 3
Transmandibular Approach for Upper Cervical Pathologies: Report of 2 Cases and Review of the Literature
Deniz KONYA1, Serdar ÖZGEN2, Arzu GERÇEK3, Özhan ÇELEBİLER4, M. Necmettin PAMİR5
1,2,5 Department of Neurosurgery, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Institute of Neurological Science, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey
4 Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
In routine surgical practice, anterior approaches are not often used to treat upper cervical pathologies. Such lesions can be difficult to access surgically. This article describes 2 cases in which the transmandibular approach was used to address anterior upper cervical pathology. One case was a chordoma invading the C2-C3 vertebrae and the other case was atlanto-axial instability. Neurological examination revealed myelopathy in both cases. Each patient had already undergone occipito-cervical fusion at a different center and, thus, had limited neck extension and mouth-opening ability. In the first case, the tumor was totally excised. In the second, the dens was removed. We believe that the transmandibular approach is the best option for patients with limited neck mobility and restricted mouth-opening ability. Keywords : Atlanto-axial instability, Cervical chordoma, Transmandibular approach
Corresponding author : Deniz Konya, drdkonya@hotmail.com