Turkish Neurosurgery 2009 , Vol 19 , Num 3
Traumatic Brain Injury Due To Gunshot Wounds: A Single Institution's Experience With 442 Consecutive Patients
İlker SOLMAZ, Cahit KURAL, Çağlar TEMİZ, Halil İbrahim SEÇER, Bülent DÜZ, Engin GÖNÜL, Yusuf İZCİ
Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Neurosurgery Department, Ankara, Turkey AIM: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a gunshot wound is a complex injury with a broad spectrum of symptoms and high rates of mortality and morbidity. This study presents an evaluation of TBI caused by gunshot wounds presenting at a single institution and discusses possible predictive factors for the outcome of surgical intervention.

MATERIAL and METHODS: The study sample consisted of 442 patients who underwent surgery for TBI over a 16-year period. All injuries were caused by gunshot wounds, such as bullets and shrapnel. All patients underwent surgical intervention.

RESULTS: Almost all patients (99.3%) were male, and the mean patient age was 22.3 years. Wounds were caused by shrapnel in 68 percent of patients. The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score at admission was below 8 in 116 patients (26.2%) and above 8 in 326 patients (73.8%). In total, 47 patients (10.6%) died despite surgical management, with diffuse brain injury the most common cause of death.

CONCLUSION: Low GCS scores, ventricular injuries and bihemispheric injuries are correlated with poor prognosis. Early and less invasive surgery in conjunction with short transportation time to the hospital could decrease mortality rates. Keywords : Traumatik brain injury, Gunshot wounds, Surgery, Prognosis, Brain injury

Corresponding author : Yusuf İzci, yusufizci@yahoo.com