Turkish Neurosurgery 2011 , Vol 21 , Num 4
Epilepsy Surgery in Patients with Unilateral Mesial Temporal Sclerosis and Contralateral Scalp Ictal Onset
F. Irsel TEZER1, Nese DERICIOGLU1, Gokhan BOZKURT2, Burcak BILGINER2, Nejat AKALAN2, Serap SAYGI1
1Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Ankara, Turkey
2Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN .4525-11.1 AIM: Concordance of EEG findings and MRI is best correlated with favored surgical outcome in patients with unilateral mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS). If there is no evidence for unilateral focus with scalp EEG, invasive recordings are undertaken. In this report we describe the investigation process for epilepsy surgery in patients with unilateral MTS and contralateral ictal scalp EEG findings.

MATERIAL and METHODS: The data of all adult patients who had undergone videoEEG recording with subdural and/or depth electrodes at our center in almost 7.5 years, were reviewed. Four patients with unilateral MTS and contralateral ictal onset on scalp EEG were included. Their invasive EEG recordings and surgical outcomes were examined.

RESULTS: Four patients met the inclusion criteria. Invasive recordings demonstrated ictal onset in the mesial temporal lobe ipsilateral to MRI findings. In one patient we have also proven the false lateralization of scalp EEG simultaneously during the recordings with depth electrodes. All operated cases are seizure free during follow-up.

CONCLUSION: Before the decision of epilepsy surgery we have to identify the semiology and ictal EEG findings in patients with unilateral MTS and concordant IEDs. Bilateral depth recordings must be considered to show the ipsilateral hippocampal epileptogenic focus. Keywords : Mesial temporal sclerosis, Scalp EEG, Invasive EEG, Depth electrodes, Hippocampus

Corresponding author : F. Irsel Tezer, irseltezer@yahoo.com.tr