Turkish Neurosurgery 2012 , Vol 22 , Num 2
Vertex Epidural Hematoma with Bilateral Abducent Nerve Palsy: Case Report and Literature Review
Khursheed NAYIL, Masood LAHARWAL, Anil DHAR, Abrar WANI, Altaf RAMZAN, Sajad ARIF
Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Neurosurgery, Kashmir, India DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.3372-10.2 Epidural hematomas which are located at the vertex are rarely seen and form a small percentage of total epidural hematomas. Tearing in the superior sagittal sinus is the usual cause of an epidural hematoma located in the vertex. The clinical features of this entity are non-specific; hence, localization of the lesion is difficult. We report an adult who was hit by a motorcycle and was initially discharged from the hospital as a case of concussional head injury. He returned back with raised intracranial pressure symptoms, so a CT scan was done but was misinterpreted, and he reported one week later with bilateral abducent nerve palsy. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed vertex EDH for which he was operated.These hematomas are seen rarely and can be interpreted as an artifact. Its recognition is important because it has an excellent prognosis. We concluded that all head injury patients should get high axial cuts on the CT scan, and any degree of suspicion should prompt a neurosurgeon to investigate further with coronal CT scan or MRI. Keywords : Extradural hematoma, Vertex, Abducent nerve palsy
Corresponding author : Khursheed Nayıl, nkhursh@rediffmail.com